The blastula package makes it easy to produce and send HTML email from R. The message can have three content areas (the body, the header, and the footer) and we can insert Markdown text, block-based components, and even HTML fragments. The underlying HTML/CSS is meant to display properly across a wide range of email clients and webmail services. The resulting email message is responsive so it’ll look great on both large displays and mobile devices.

Composing an Email Message

When you compose an email, you can use objects from the global workspace and work them into the message content. Let’s create a nicely formatted date/time string (date_time) with the add_readable_time() function, and, transform an image on disk to an HTML string object (img_string).

# Get a nicely formatted date/time string
date_time <- add_readable_time()

# Create an image string using an on-disk
# image file
img_file_path <-
    "img", "pexels-photo-267151.jpeg",
    package = "blastula"

img_string <- add_image(file = img_file_path)

Now we use the compose_email() function to compose the email. There are three main arguments here: body, header, and footer. You can supply Markdown text to any of these content areas to get rendered HTML.

In the example code below, the strings that are part of the email body and the email footer are combined with glue::glue() and, since we have Markdown and HTML fragments, we need to use the md() function.

email <-
    body = md(glue::glue(

This is a *great* picture I found when looking
for sun + cloud photos:

    footer = md(glue::glue("Email sent on {date_time}."))

After creating the email message, we can look at it to ensure that the formatting is as expected. Simply call the object itself and it will be displayed in the Viewer.

# Preview the email

Sending an Email Message via SMTP

We can store SMTP email credentials in a file using the create_smtp_creds_file() function. There are also other ways to set up SMTP access credentials (like using system-wide key-value store through the create_smtp_creds_key() function).

Having generated a credentials file, we can use the smtp_send() function (along with the creds_file() credentials helper function) to send the email through an SMTP server.

# Sending email by SMTP using a credentials file
email %>%
    to = "jane_doe@example.com",
    from = "joe_public@example.net",
    subject = "Testing the `smtp_send()` function",
    credentials = creds_file("email_creds")

Sending an Email Message through RStudio Connect

We can also send email based on R Markdown files through RStudio Connect. The prepare_rsc_example_files() function provides .Rmd files that facilitate a main report + email report workflow. The key components are the blastula::blastula_email output type for the email report, and the use of render_connect_email() and attach_connect_email() in the main report.


The blastula package can be installed from CRAN with install.packages().


You can install the in-development version of blastula from GitHub using the devtools package.


If you encounter a bug, have usage questions, or want to share ideas to make this package better, feel free to file an issue.

Getting help

There are two main places to get help:

  1. The RStudio community is a friendly place to ask any questions about rmarkdown and the R Markdown family of packages.

  2. Stack Overflow is a great source of answers to common rmarkdown questions. It is also a great place to get help, once you have created a reproducible example that illustrates your problem.

Code of Conduct

Please note that the blastula project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © RStudio, PBC