Format for converting from R Markdown to a Beamer presentation.

  toc = FALSE,
  slide_level = NULL,
  number_sections = FALSE,
  incremental = FALSE,
  fig_width = 10,
  fig_height = 7,
  fig_crop = "auto",
  fig_caption = TRUE,
  dev = "pdf",
  df_print = "default",
  theme = "default",
  colortheme = "default",
  fonttheme = "default",
  highlight = "default",
  template = "default",
  keep_tex = FALSE,
  keep_md = FALSE,
  latex_engine = "pdflatex",
  citation_package = c("default", "natbib", "biblatex"),
  self_contained = TRUE,
  includes = NULL,
  md_extensions = NULL,
  pandoc_args = NULL,
  extra_dependencies = NULL



TRUE to include a table of contents in the output (only level 1 headers will be included in the table of contents).


The heading level which defines individual slides. By default this is the highest header level in the hierarchy that is followed immediately by content, and not another header, somewhere in the document. This default can be overridden by specifying an explicit slide_level.


TRUE to number section headings


TRUE to render slide bullets incrementally. Note that if you want to reverse the default incremental behavior for an individual bullet you can precede it with >. For example: > - Bullet Text. See more in Pandoc's Manual


Default width (in inches) for figures


Default height (in inches) for figures


Whether to crop PDF figures with the command pdfcrop. This requires the tools pdfcrop and ghostscript to be installed. By default, fig_crop = TRUE if these two tools are available.


TRUE to render figures with captions


Graphics device to use for figure output (defaults to pdf)


Method to be used for printing data frames. Valid values include "default", "kable", "tibble", and "paged". The "default" method uses a corresponding S3 method of print, typically The "kable" method uses the knitr::kable function. The "tibble" method uses the tibble package to print a summary of the data frame. The "paged" method creates a paginated HTML table (note that this method is only valid for formats that produce HTML). In addition to the named methods you can also pass an arbitrary function to be used for printing data frames. You can disable the df_print behavior entirely by setting the option rmarkdown.df_print to FALSE. See Data frame printing section in bookdown book for examples.


Beamer theme (e.g. "AnnArbor").


Beamer color theme (e.g. "dolphin").


Beamer font theme (e.g. "structurebold").


Syntax highlighting style passed to Pandoc.

Supported built-in styles include "default", "tango", "pygments", "kate", "monochrome", "espresso", "zenburn", "haddock", and "breezedark".

Two custom styles are also included, "arrow", an accessible color scheme, and "rstudio", which mimics the default IDE theme. Alternatively, supply a path to a .theme file to use a custom Pandoc style. Note that custom theme requires Pandoc 2.0+.

Pass NULL to prevent syntax highlighting.


Pandoc template to use for rendering. Pass "default" to use the rmarkdown package default template; pass NULL to use pandoc's built-in template; pass a path to use a custom template that you've created. See the documentation on pandoc online documentation for details on creating custom templates.


Keep the intermediate tex file used in the conversion to PDF. Note that this argument does not control whether to keep the auxiliary files (e.g., .aux) generated by LaTeX when compiling .tex to .pdf. To keep these files, you may set options(tinytex.clean = FALSE).


Keep the markdown file generated by knitting.


LaTeX engine for producing PDF output. Options are "pdflatex", "lualatex", "xelatex" and "tectonic".


The LaTeX package to process citations, natbib or biblatex. Use default if neither package is to be used, which means citations will be processed via the command pandoc-citeproc.


Whether to generate a full LaTeX document (TRUE) or just the body of a LaTeX document (FALSE). Note the LaTeX document is an intermediate file unless keep_tex = TRUE.


Named list of additional content to include within the document (typically created using the includes function).


Markdown extensions to be added or removed from the default definition of R Markdown. See the rmarkdown_format for additional details.


Additional command line options to pass to pandoc


A LaTeX dependency latex_dependency(), a list of LaTeX dependencies, a character vector of LaTeX package names (e.g. c("framed", "hyperref")), or a named list of LaTeX package options with the names being package names (e.g. list(hyperef = c("unicode=true", "breaklinks=true"), lmodern = NULL)). It can be used to add custom LaTeX packages to the .tex header.


R Markdown output format to pass to render()


See the online documentation for additional details on using the beamer_presentation format.

Creating Beamer output from R Markdown requires that LaTeX be installed.

R Markdown documents can have optional metadata that is used to generate a document header that includes the title, author, and date. For more details see the documentation on R Markdown metadata.

R Markdown documents also support citations. You can find more information on the markdown syntax for citations in the Bibliographies and Citations article in the online documentation.


if (FALSE) {


# simple invocation
render("pres.Rmd", beamer_presentation())

# specify an option for incremental rendering
render("pres.Rmd", beamer_presentation(incremental = TRUE))